Research results of the project “Migration as Social Protection: Analysis of Macedonian, Albanian and Serbian Remittance-receiving Households” available online
The quantitative analysis is based on an index of vulnerability which comprises various dimensions such as income, unemployment, health, housing, material deprivation and leisure time. Remittances are then allowed to affect vulnerability in fairly standard regressions. Special attention is paid to the endogeneity of remittances in the proposed framework, as well to the plausible exogeneity of proposed instruments. The Remittances Survey 2012 for Macedonia, the Living Standard Measurement Survey 2012 for Albania and the Survey of Income and Living Conditions 2013 for Serbia were used.
The qualitative part relies on primary data collected from around 15 interviews in each of the three countries. Remittances were estimated to have a strong quantitative effect on vulnerability in all three, and the effect was then found to occur in similar contexts. The research documents remittances as a social protection vehicle in all three countries.
Research results were published in policy briefs, an issue of Graphometrix and an international book Migration as social protection. In addition, the Macedonian team managed to publish its research as an article in the International Migration Journal. The results of the project were presented at five international conferences in Ohrid, Rome, Kazan, Tokyo and Vienna, as well as at a round table and an economic forum held in Skopje, attended by representatives of relevant institutions, including Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, Employment Service Agency, Immigration Agency.
The Macedonian team held a meeting with the representatives of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy and discussed the importance of remittances as a social protection for vulnerable groups. The project resulted in a change of rules on how to determine the income levels and the entitlement to social assistance. Remittances are no longer taken as income, and vulnerable recipients of remittances are now eligible for social assistance.
Book: Migration as social protection: Analysis of Macedonian, Albanian and Serbian Remittance-Receiving Households
Graphometrix: Графометрикс, година 3, број 2 (тематско издање)
Remittances Still Vital for the Albanian Households
Money from abroad protects households in Serbia from deeper vulnerability
Emigrants’ money matters for the Macedonian social development
Парите од иселениците се важни за социјалниот развој на Македонија